Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a mental health condition characterized by an obsessive preoccupation with perceived flaws or defects in one's physical appearance. Individuals with BDD often have a distorted perception of their appearance and believe that their flaws are significant and noticeable, even when others may not see them as such.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

People with BDD may spend excessive amounts of time analyzing and obsessing over their perceived flaws. They may engage in compulsive behaviors such as excessive grooming, seeking reassurance from others, comparing themselves to others, or constantly checking their appearance in mirrors or other reflective surfaces. These behaviors are aimed at reducing anxiety and distress caused by their perceived flaws.


Common areas of concern for individuals with BDD include skin imperfections (e.g., acne, scars), hair (e.g., baldness or excessive hair growth), facial features (e.g., nose size or shape), body shape or weight, and overall body symmetry. However, any part of the body can become a focus of preoccupation.


BDD can significantly impact a person’s quality of life, leading to social withdrawal, avoidance of social situations, and difficulties in relationships. It is also associated with high levels of anxiety and depression.


The exact cause of BDD is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, neurobiological, and environmental factors. Certain factors, such as a history of childhood teasing or bullying, low self-esteem, and societal pressures regarding appearance, may contribute to the development or exacerbation of BDD.


Brighten Bay’s treatment for BDD often involves a combination of psychotherapy and medication. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is commonly used to help individuals challenge and modify their distorted thoughts and beliefs about their appearance. Medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may be prescribed to help alleviate symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Talk to Us About Eating Disorder Treatment

At Brighten Bay, we have the experience, expertise, and understanding to treat individuals with EDs and any other co-occurring conditions. Our research-backed program is focused on giving individuals ownership of their recovery as we equip them to thrive, both now and in the future. We also provide resources for families to heal and support their loved ones on the journey to healing. If you or a loved one are suffering from binge eating disorder, get in touch with us today to learn more about how to get started.